The particularly high scientific, landscape, ecological or cultural value of the elements and natural systems within
For an integrated and efficient sustainable development of the territory, the management objectives of the protected areas (specific for the protection and/or conservation regime) must be integrated in the policy of territorial development so that the achievement of local development objectives should not lead to their degradation but support their efficient management. This is why the local development strategies must also take into account the existence and the management regime the elements and values of which are part of the local identity and the natural and cultural patrimony of the area.
Arii protejate şi situri Natura 2000
Lots of the existing natural areas present a high potential for tourism and educational development. Some already have the infrastructure needed for visiting, tourism interpretation and information. The future development of
- Cheile Zugrenilor Natural Reservation (314 ha – category IV IUCN), gorges formed by Bistriţa river on a length of 2.5 km when breaking through the hard rocks at the limit of the massifs Giumalău and Pietrosul Bistriţei. The reserve, crossed by the main road 17 B (Vatra Dornei-Piatra Neamţ), is located 20 km downstream from Vatra Dornei and cares for plant species of community interest (i.e. edelweiss – Leontopodium alpinum, located at the lowest altitude in Moldova). peaks and in wintertime visitors can come for ice escalade. It is included in the site of community interest SCI Pietrosul Broștenilor-Cheile Zugrenilor. At present it is under the custody of DS Suceava.
- Tinovul Mare – Poiana Stampei Scientific Reserve (681.8 ha – category I IUCN), was first declared a nature monument in 1955. It cares for acid marshland, sterile environments with layers of peat and poor vegetation specific to these conditions, with stands of pine, spruce and dwarf birch, thick layers of moss, and shrubs of bilberry and cranberry that form a landscape more typical of the Siberian tundra. Tinovul Mare is considered to be the largest natural reserve of peat in Romania. Access from the forestry road Poiana Stampei-Dornișoara, on a wooden bridge, 990 m long. At present the reserve is under the custody of the Călimani National Park Administration (APNC).
- Tinovul Şaru Dornei Nature Reserve (36 ha- category IV IUCN), under APNC custody is a raised bog showing particularities similar to those of Tinovul Mare. It is located between the communes Șaru Dornei and Panaci, close to the main road. At present it is not developed for tourist access.
- Codrul Secular Giumalău Nature Reserve (309.5 ha- category IV IUCN), was designated in the year 1941 and cares for old growth spruce stands ranging at altitudes between 1230 m and 1680 m, located at the limit of the subalpine zone on the northern side of the massif, marked by the peaks: Șapele (1427 m), Ciungi (1521 m), Stegele (1630 m), Alunul (1667 m) and Giumalău (185 m). The reserve is currently under the custody of DS Suceava. This reserve is included in the European network of protected areas Natura 2000, and is part of Rarău-Giumalău SCI and SPA.
- Laid out over the upper part of the volcanic mountain range, the Călimani National Park protects valuable habitats and ecosystems on its territory: forests of Spruce with Swiss Pine; thickets of Mountain Pine with Rhododendron; meadows of Gentians, Violets, Common Tormentil, Bluebells, etc. The Swiss Pine (Pinus cembra), is a relic of earlier glaciations and can still be found in Romania, only in a few isolated areas of the Oriental and Southern Carpathians. The extraordinary group of rocks that makes up the 12 Apostles Reserve provokes the traveller’s imagination with strange rock forms as in a fairy-tale world, bearing picturesque names like “Moșul” ("The Old Man"), “Mareșalul” ("The Marshall"), “Mucenicul” ("The Martyr") and “Gușterul” ("The Lizard"). These geological formations, likened to megalithic structures, are the result of different forms of erosion on the volcanic conglomerates.